How to True a Bike Wheel

and experience, anyone can learn how to true a bike wheel. In this manual, we’ll walk you through the step-by-step procedure for locating and resolving typical problems that result in a wheel being out of true. With the help of our advice, you’ll be able to identify and fix any wheel wobble or unevenness on your bike, which will enhance the quality of your ride and increase your safety on the road or path. Now that you have your equipment let’s learn the art of truing bicycle wheels!

What You Need

There are a few necessary things you’ll need before you can begin truing your bike wheel:

  • A truing stand. This unique gadget steadily holds your bicycle wheel and simplifies spotting any rim wobbles or irregularities.
  • A spoke wrench. The tension of each spoke in the wheel can be changed with a spoke wrench, a tiny tool.
  • Wheel dishing tool. This instrument measures the space between the wheel’s rim and hub to make sure the wheel is correctly aligned.
  • Truing arm. It raises and lowers the calipers while holding them in place.
  • Calipers/Indicators. The truing arm is where they are fastened. The operator can move the spokes sideways, closer, or further away from the rim to make the wheel run true.
  • Spoke key. This wrench turns the spoke by fitting around the spoke nipple. Make sure the spoke wrench you have fits the variety of sizes and shapes of spoke nipples.
  • Cable ties. They are utilized to align a bicycle wheel. They serve as a substitute for true stand indicators when fastened to the fork or frame.

Step-by-Step Method on How to True a Bike Wheel with Stand

The following steps will show you how to true a bicycle wheel:

True a Bike Wheel

Step #1 Position Your Wheel in the Truing Stand

The wheel is pulling to one side, which is a lateral alignment. Remove the bike’s wheel and place it in the truing stand. Set the calipers on the stand so that their outer edges are level with the rim’s outer edge.

Step #2 Spin the Wheel

The stand’s wheel should be turned. The caliper’s jaws should be spaced so that they are barely clear of the rim. A bike shop or radial truing trip will be necessary if the wheel is bobbing up and down.

Step #3 Find the Buckle

Set the jaws until they touch the rim when you slowly turn the wheel. This will show you where the tire is most severely crumpled. To find the buckle’s center, continuously rotate the wheel.

Step #4 Locate the Pertinent Spoke

Find the spoke coming from the hub’s right hand closest to the center of the buckle if the rim is tugging to the left. Find the appropriate spoke coming from the hub’s left side if it pulls to the right.

Step #5 Make Some Adjustments to the Tension

Half-turn the nipple. When viewed from above (through the rim), the nipple will tighten clockwise, but when viewed from the stand, this is reversed and must be tightened counterclockwise.

Step #6 Check the Outcome of the Adjustment

Rock the wheel in both directions to see if your adjustment was successful. If more adjusting is required, tighten the tension. Go to the next buckle after making a little caliper adjustment.

Steps on How to True a Bike Wheel Without a Stand

Step #1 Check How the Wheel Spin

You could roll the remainder of the way home without ever touching the wheel. True the bike wheel after removing the brake. Delaying repairs might be easier if the wheel is clear of the brake pads and not in contact with the frame or fork. Ensure that the brakes are still keeping the wheel from gradually rolling.

Step #2 Check the Spoke

Grab and squeeze the spokes together as you circle the wheel to uncover any loose ones. If there hasn’t been a crash, it’s possible that one spoke has just loosened; tightening it might be sufficient to rapidly straighten the wheel so you can ride home and do a more thorough inspection.

Step #3 Locate the Buckle

To determine which portion is pulling to one side, spin the wheel. Wheel calipers can serve as a helpful gauge. If not, carefully place your thumb against the seatstay or fork. Then find the one or two spokes that are opposite the buckle’s center.

Step #4 Make Some Adjustments to the Nipples

The spokes on the left side of the wheel pull the rim to the left when tightened, while the spokes on the right side pull the rim to the right. Once you’ve determined which spoke has to be tightened, attach the spoke key and crank it counterclockwise by a quarter turn.

Step #5 Loosen or Tighten

Make little tweaks and spin the wheel sporadically to gauge their impact. The spokes next to the one you’re tightening may need to be loosened by rotating them clockwise. Be cautious because it’s simple to upset the wheel’s balance.

Step #6 Let the Mechanic Check It

Wheels are quite complex. Even though they appear blissfully spinning, the spokes must be evenly tensioned. Having a mechanic check your bike wheels after an accident is worthwhile if you are uncertain of their condition.


Any rider should know how to true a bike wheel because a wobbly wheel can be dangerous and unpleasant. By using the above step-by-step procedure, you may spot and address typical problems that lead to a wheel being out of true, providing a smoother and safer ride. A truing stand, spoke wrench, wheel dishing tool, rag, valve adaptor, and bicycle pump are among the essential gear to have on hand.

Keep in mind that truing a bike wheel requires practice. It takes a few tries to get it properly, don’t be discouraged. You may master the art of tire truing and enjoy a smoother, more pleasant ride by being patient and persistent.

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