A bicycle, like most machines, is a product of metals. Most bikes come from high-tensile carbon steel. Such materials are prone to rust, especially if the region is moist or dusty.
A rusty bike can turn an otherwise exciting ride into a dull one. It ruins the bike’s beautiful shine to an old and rugged one. It also shortens the useful life of your machine.
There are several ways you can clean your bike to remove rust. Most of the cleaning materials are locally and readily available in our homes. The procedure of doing the task is what this article intends to cover.
Read through it to understand the step-by-step procedure of how to clean rust off a bike.
What makes the bike rust?
A bike is metal, making it a candidate for rust. It forms when the metal becomes affected by oxygen and moisture. The two components are readily available in the environment.
Moisture may be in the water that settles on the bike’s metal surface, such as dew. It may also be invisible and in the air.
When the conditions that provoke oxidation occurs, rust builds up on the surface of your bike. The best way to avoid this annoying phenomenon is by prevention!
Material required for cleaning off the rust
They include baking soda, a bowl, a sponge, a scrub pad, a wiper, vinegar, a spray bottle, lemon juice, and water.
How to clean rust off a bike
By use of baking soda
Mix the baking soda and water in a bowl
You need a sufficient amount of baking soda in a bowl. Combine both elements in a ratio of 1:1 and mix until it becomes a thick paste. It should be adequate to cover off the rust completely. Ensure there is always some extra paste in the bowl, as you might need more while in the process.
Baking soda is ideal for removing stubborn or light rust. Other reagents, such as lemon juice, can handle the task if it is severe. Always ensure that you have both components around before beginning the work. However, you can assess the severity level before deciding the one to use.
Cover the rust using paste and leave it for 15 minutes
Use a sponge to spread the paste over the rust. Do not place it beyond the rusty areas. Let it settle for a minimum of fifteen minutes without scrubbing it. At that time, it will break down the rust.
Always ensure the paste is sufficiently thick to avoid dripping over the bike. It may damage other delicate parts that are rust-free. Remember to wear gloves and other protective gear when handling chemical reagents.
Scrub the baking soda
Use a scrub pad to remove the paste from the bike after elapsing for fifteen minutes. A toothbrush can work as an alternative to a scrub pad.
Ensure the rust is breaking down as you gently scrub the bike. It helps avoid too much or excessive force when removing the paste. A bicycle is a delicate metal with a fine finish that gives it a shiny appearance. If you tamper with this surface, it will be more prone to rust.
Leave it for ten minutes
After completing the scrubbing process, let it settle for about ten to fifteen minutes. At this time, the thick paste reaches the most stubborn rust. Scrub it again gently, and wipe the paste using a soft cloth or a dry microfiber.
Do not leave traces of liquid on the bike because it encourages the occurrence of rust again.
After completing the process, store the bike in a cool and dry place out of reach of moisture and dust. Such conditions also prevent rust from returning.
If there is still some rust left, do not take the bike to the store. However, repeat the process of cleaning again until it becomes sparkling. Another alternative is to try another process of breaking down the rust.
By use of vinegar solution
Pour white vinegar into the spray bottle
White vinegar is more acidic than other products, making it excellent for rust removal. You can pour vinegar directly onto the bike; however, it will not spread uniformly. Spray bottles offer the best alternative because of the uniform coating of the liquid.
Add one or two small spoons of baking soda into the vinegar to attain a more corrosive solution. Such a product will remove the most stubborn rust within a short time.
Coat the rust
After removing the rust, apply vinegar using a spray bottle across the complete rust patch. Dip a tinfoil sponge into the vinegar solution and coat it directly.
Tinfoil serves two functions in this process. First, it spreads the solution. Secondly, it can function as a scrub brush while in the process.
Rinse the vinegar
If you do not clean off vinegar after coating, it may continue corroding the bike, even after removing the rust. To avoid this, use a high-pressure hose pipe to wash the dirt down and remove all the dissolved rust.
If vinegar fails to remove the rust, a chemical cleaner becomes the next thing to try.
Dry the bike and store it
Soak a cloth in the denatured alcohol and use it to wipe the bike dry. It removes excessive moisture. Store the bicycle in a dry place far from water and dust.
By use of chemical rust remover
Apply chemical rust remover
Try this method if the first two fail to remove the rust. The chemicals are available in local hardware stores or bike shops.
Chemical rust removers can be deadly if you mix them with components such as vinegar, baking soda, and citric acid.
Wear protective garments before doing the work
The chemical is dangerous and can harm your skin and eyes. Study the instruction manual severally to ensure you understand how to handle and use it. If it accidentally spills onto your skin, rinse it thoroughly with fresh water and contact a local medic for further instruction.
Do not use chemical removers in poorly ventilated or enclosed spaces. Ensure the windows and the door are open. Exit the room immediately if you feel dizzy, drowsy, or lightheaded.
Brush the chemical rust remover
Remember that it is a harmful chemical, so do it as directed. Leave the cleaner to break down the rust until it clears.
Lights can soak for half an hour. However, leave the most stubborn ones soaked overnight.
Remove the cleaner
Once you attain the suggested time, remove the cleaner. The chemical is corrosive, and you should not leave it beyond the specified time.
Use a cloth to wipe away the chemical, being very careful not to touch it. Store any remaining chemicals in a very safe place to avoid accidental use by others. They will also be helpful when removing rust on other days.
Discard the cloth you used to wipe the bike to prevent it from contaminating other fabrics.
Store the bike in a dry place
When the process is complete, place the bike in a clean room clear of moisture and dust to prevent rust from building up again.
Rust can harm your bike if you let it happen. There are three methods of removing it. First, try with less harmful baking soda. Follow the guidelines as explained in this article. If it does not work, try the second option, vinegar.
Vinegar is more concentrated than baking soda, hence ideal for removing the most stubborn stains.
Finally, if the two procedures do not work, use the chemical rust remover.
Follow the safety procedure when handling the chemical. Always keep it in a clean and dry place to avoid learning how to clean rust off a bike!